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GEPS-03

ASSIGNMENT-I

GROUP-A

  1. According to Gandhi What is the only permanent solution of conflict? Ans: Nonviolence.
  2. Who was the author of ‘Communist Menifesto’? Ans: Karl Marx.
  3. What is the name of Gandhi’s  autobiography? Ans:My Experiments with Truth.
  4. In which year Russian Revolution was took place? Ans: 1917
  5. Who had coined the term ‘Civil Disobedience’? Ans: Henry David Thoreau.
  6. What is the meaning of the term ‘Satyagraha’? Ans: Truth-force or Soul-force.
  7. In which year The Indian National Congress (INC) was established? Ans: 1885
  8. When did Gandhi come back to India from South Africa? Ans: 1915
  9. Who took leadership in the Kheda and Chamaparan Satyagraha? Ans: Mahatma Gandhi
  10. In which year Mahatma Gandhi gave the call for Quit India Movement. Ans: 1942

GROUP-B

  1. Define Satyagraha 

Ans: Satyagraha is a philosophy of nonviolent resistance, emphasizing the power of truth and the pursuit of moral and political goals through peaceful means, popularized by Mahatma Gandhi. The term itself combines “satya” (truth) and “agraha” (insistence), reflecting the commitment to truth and nonviolent. resistance.

2. Who is Satyagrahi?

Ans: A Satyagrahi is an individual who practices Satyagraha, engaging in nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience as a means of achieving social or political change, following the principles popularized by Mahatma Gandhi.

3. What was the objective of Satyagraha? 

Ans: The objective of Satyagraha is to resist injustice and achieve social or political change through nonviolent means, emphasizing the pursuit of truth, moral principles, and civil disobedience as a powerful force for transformation.

4.In which place and which year Gandhiji first began the experiment of Satyagraha? 

Ans:Gandhiji first began the experiment of Satyagraha in South Africa in the year 1906.

5.What is the dynamic meaning of Ahimsa? 

Ans: Ahimsa, dynamic in its meaning, refers to the practice of nonviolence in thought, word, and action, promoting compassion and harmlessness toward all living beings. It involves actively fostering peace, understanding, and respect in interactions with others and the world.

6.Define the meaning of Swaraj? 

Ans: Swaraj, meaning self-rule or self-governance, refers to the concept of individuals or communities governing themselves autonomously, achieving independence from external authority. In the context of Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy, it extends beyond political freedom to encompass personal and social empowerment.

7.Define Gandhiji as an ‘Ambassador of Peace’. 

Ans:Gandhiji is often regarded as an ‘Ambassador of Peace’ due to his advocacy and practice of nonviolence, his role in promoting peaceful resistance movements, and his commitment to resolving conflicts through dialogue and understanding. His philosophy and actions emphasized the transformative power of peace, justice, and reconciliation.

8.Define the concept of Sarvodaya? 

Ans:Sarvodaya, meaning “the welfare of all” in Sanskrit, is a socio-political philosophy that advocates for the upliftment of all individuals in society. It emphasizes social and economic justice, equality, and the well-being of every person, with a focus on the common good and the betterment of the entire community.

9.Discuss the features of satyagraha?

Ans:Satyagraha, as conceptualized by Gandhi, is characterized by nonviolence, civil disobedience, and a commitment to truth. It emphasizes the inner strength of individuals, constructive action, and a universal appeal for justice and social change.

10.What is fasting?

Ans: Fasting is the voluntary abstention from food or, in some cases, certain types of food, typically for religious, spiritual, health, or ethical reasons. It is a deliberate and temporary restriction of food intake.

GROUP-C

1.Write a short note on Salt Satyagraha? 

Ans: Salt Satyagraha was a pivotal event in India’s independence movement led by Mahatma Gandhi in 1930. Challenging the British salt monopoly, Gandhi and followers marched to the Arabian Sea, producing salt by evaporating seawater. The symbolic act defied British salt taxes, showcasing nonviolent resistance. This campaign united Indians, highlighting their determination for independence and significantly influencing the fight against colonial rule.

2.What were the causes of the Satyagraha movements? 

Ans: Satyagraha movements were fueled by various causes, primarily rooted in social injustice and British colonial oppression. Grievances included discriminatory laws, economic exploitation, racial discrimination, and denial of basic rights. Mahatma Gandhi’s leadership inspired Satyagraha in response to specific issues like the salt tax, agrarian problems, and civil rights, all aimed at challenging oppressive policies and fostering a nonviolent path to social and political change.

3.Discuss the four pillars of Non-violence? 

Ans: 

The four pillars of non-violence, as outlined by Mahatma Gandhi, are:

1. Love and Compassion: Non-violence is grounded in love and compassion, fostering understanding and empathy towards others.

2. Truthfulness: Truth is a core principle, emphasizing honesty in thought, speech, and action as a foundation for non-violent living.

3. Fearlessness: Non-violence requires courage and fearlessness in facing oppression or adversity without resorting to violence.

4. Non-possession: Non-violence is strengthened by a simple and non-materialistic lifestyle, promoting contentment over material wealth.

4.Describe the practice of Ahimsa. 

Ans: Ahimsa is the practice of nonviolence in thought, word, and action. It involves abstaining from causing harm or injury to any living being intentionally. Practitioners of Ahimsa cultivate compassion, understanding, and empathy, promoting peaceful coexistence and harmony. This principle extends beyond physical harm to include nonviolence in speech and mental attitudes, encouraging a holistic approach to living in a way that contributes positively to the well-being of oneself and others.

5.What is the relationship betweenAhimsa and Satyagraha? 

Ans: The relationship between Ahimsa and Satyagraha is integral to Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy. Ahimsa, or nonviolence, is the foundational principle, guiding Satyagraha, which means “truth-force” or “soul-force.” While Ahimsa is the commitment to nonviolence in all aspects of life, Satyagraha is the application of that principle in the form of nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience to achieve social or political change. In essence, Satyagraha is the active expression of Ahimsa in the pursuit of truth and justice.

6.Discuss the characteristics of Sarvodaya? 

Ans: Sarvodaya, emphasizing universal well-being, prioritizes social justice, selflessness, and decentralized decision-making. Rooted in nonviolence, it advocates for comprehensive development, addressing economic, social, and spiritual dimensions to create an inclusive and just society.

7.Is Gandhism dead? 

Ans: Gandhism’s relevance is debated; it’s neither universally dead nor fully alive. While Gandhi’s principles endure, their application varies. Nonviolence and social justice still inspire movements globally, but comprehensive adoption fluctuates. Contextual interpretations determine Gandhism’s contemporary significance, with ongoing discussions about its adaptability in modern challenges, leaving its status open to subjective evaluation.

8.Examine the Gandhian concept of Non-violence? 

Ans: Gandhi’s concept of non-violence, or Ahimsa, is foundational to his philosophy. It entails refraining from causing harm in thought, word, or action, rooted in love and compassion. Non-violence, for Gandhi, is not passive resistance but an active force that requires courage, fearlessness, and a commitment to truth. It involves addressing issues through dialogue, civil disobedience, and moral persuasion, aiming not just for external change but internal transformation of individuals and societies towards a more just and compassionate existence.

9.Discuss the Gandhi’s views on Peace?

Ans: Gandhi’s perspective on peace centered on nonviolence, intertwining justice, truth, and love. He viewed peace as more than the absence of conflict, emphasizing its connection to goodwill and fairness. Advocating for dialogue and nonviolent resistance, Gandhi believed in addressing root issues to establish enduring peace based on respect for human dignity. His vision envisioned a holistic, inclusive peace that went beyond surface tranquility to embrace profound societal transformation.

10.Write a short note on Champaran Satyagraha. 

Ans: Champaran Satyagraha, initiated by Gandhi in 1917, addressed the exploitation of indigo farmers in Bihar. Confronting oppressive British indigo cultivation policies, Gandhi’s nonviolent resistance garnered support, advocating for farmers’ rights. The successful resolution marked a turning point in India’s independence movement, showcasing the effectiveness of Satyagraha in confronting social injustices and establishing Gandhi as a leader of nonviolent resistance in the pursuit of justice.

GROUP-D

1.Discuss the various techniques of satyagraha.

Ans: 

Satyagraha encompasses a range of techniques aimed at nonviolent resistance and social change. Mahatma Gandhi experimented with various methods during the Indian independence movement. Here are some key techniques of Satyagraha:

a. Nonviolent Protest and Demonstrations: This involves public gatherings, marches, and demonstrations to express dissent and opposition to unjust policies or actions. Participants maintain discipline and adhere strictly to nonviolence, even in the face of provocation.

b. Civil Disobedience: Satyagrahis may deliberately violate certain laws or regulations deemed unjust, accepting the legal consequences of their actions.
 This challenges the legitimacy of oppressive laws and seeks to prompt a reconsideration or change in policy.

c. Non-Cooperation: Refusing to cooperate with unjust systems, institutions, or authorities.
Non-cooperation can take various forms, such as boycotting institutions, goods, or services associated with injustice.

d. Strikes and Economic Boycotts: Satyagrahis may engage in strikes or economic boycotts to protest unfair labor practices or economic policies.
The objective is to economically pressure the oppressor while remaining committed to nonviolence.

e. Hunger Strikes: Fasting or hunger strikes are employed to draw attention to a cause or to influence the conscience of the oppressor.
 Gandhi’s use of fasting was a powerful tool to convey the seriousness of his commitment to justice.

f. Constructive Program: Engaging in constructive activities that positively contribute to society. This includes efforts in education, sanitation, economic self-sufficiency, and community development, promoting self-reliance and positive change.

g. Dialogues and Negotiations: Satyagraha involves engaging in open and honest dialogue with the oppressor to find common ground and seek resolution peacefully. Negotiations aim to address the root causes of conflict and promote lasting change.

h. Parallel Governments:
Establishing alternative institutions or parallel governments that operate based on principles of justice and self-governance. This challenges the legitimacy of the existing oppressive regime.

i. Prayer and Meditation: Emphasizing the spiritual aspect of Satyagraha, participants may engage in prayer and meditation to cultivate inner strength and maintain focus on nonviolence.

j. Public Speeches and Publications: Communicating the message of Satyagraha through public speeches, articles, and publications. Gandhi, for example, effectively used his writings to articulate the philosophy and goals of the movement.

Each of these techniques is characterized by a commitment to nonviolence, truth, and moral strength. Satyagraha is not just a set of tactics but a philosophy that emphasizes the transformative power of love, truth, and nonviolence in bringing about social and political change. These techniques collectively reflect the versatility and adaptability of Satyagraha to various situations and contexts.

2.Write an essay on the concept of Gandhian Ahimsa or non-violence.

Gandhian Ahimsa, or non-violence, stands as the cornerstone of Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy and his approach to social and political change. Derived from the Sanskrit term ‘himsa’ meaning ‘harm’ or ‘violence,’ Ahimsa embodies a profound principle that extends beyond mere abstention from physical violence to encompass the entirety of human existence. Gandhi’s interpretation of Ahimsa was not just a strategic tool for political resistance but a way of life, a moral and spiritual compass guiding individuals towards a higher state of humanity.

At its core, Gandhian Ahimsa involves the conscious choice to refrain from causing harm to any living being, whether through thought, speech, or action. This commitment to non-violence is deeply intertwined with love, compassion, and an unwavering dedication to truth. Gandhi believed that Ahimsa was not passive resistance but an active force, a potent weapon that required immense courage and spiritual strength. The philosophy of Ahimsa, for Gandhi, was not a sign of weakness but a manifestation of profound moral fortitude.

Gandhi’s understanding of non-violence was rooted in the idea of interconnectedness. He argued that all life is interconnected, and by causing harm to others, one ultimately harms oneself. Ahimsa, therefore, becomes a means to break the cycle of violence and establish harmony both within oneself and in society at large. It is a transformative force that seeks not only to address external conflicts but to bring about an internal revolution, fostering a collective awakening of moral consciousness.

One of the distinctive features of Gandhian Ahimsa is its emphasis on seeking to win over opponents rather than defeating them. Gandhi envisioned non-violence not as a tool to crush adversaries but as a way to appeal to their humanity, to touch their hearts and minds. This approach involves understanding the perspective of the oppressor, empathizing with their concerns, and working towards a shared solution that upholds justice and human dignity.

Gandhi’s application of Ahimsa was evident in various historical movements, most notably in India’s struggle for independence. The Salt March, the Non-Cooperation Movement, and the Quit India Movement were all grounded in non-violent resistance. These movements showcased the power of Ahimsa to mobilize masses, challenge oppressive regimes, and ultimately achieve political objectives.

Moreover, Gandhi’s concept of Ahimsa extended beyond political struggles. He advocated for the practice of non-violence in daily life, in personal relationships, and in societal interactions. For Gandhi, Ahimsa was not an isolated concept but an integral part of a broader philosophy that included truth, honesty, humility, and self-discipline.

In the contemporary world, the relevance of Gandhian Ahimsa endures. The philosophy has influenced various civil rights movements, anti-war protests, and advocates for social justice. It has inspired leaders and activists worldwide to adopt nonviolent means in their quests for positive change.

However, applying Ahimsa in today’s complex and interconnected world presents challenges. Gandhi’s principles need adaptation to address contemporary issues such as global conflicts, environmental degradation, and social inequality. Nevertheless, the essence of Gandhian Ahimsa—a commitment to truth, love, and non-violence—remains a timeless guide, inviting individuals and societies to pursue a path of peace, justice, and compassionate coexistence.

3.Examine the different dimensions of Sarvodaya.

Ans:

Sarvodaya, meaning “the welfare of all,” encompasses various dimensions that together form a comprehensive sociopolitical philosophy. This term was popularized by Mahatma Gandhi and later developed by Vinoba Bhave. Examining the different dimensions of Sarvodaya provides insight into its multifaceted nature:

  1. Universal Wellbeing:

    Key Aspect: Sarvodaya envisions the wellbeing of all individuals, transcending caste, creed, gender, and socioeconomic status.

    Significance: This dimension emphasizes inclusivity and the idea that progress and prosperity should be accessible to every member of society.

  1. Social Justice:

    Key Aspect: Sarvodaya advocates for social justice by addressing inequities and ensuring fairness in the distribution of resources and opportunities.

    Significance: This dimension aims to create a just society where everyone has equal access to basic needs and opportunities.

  1. Selflessness:

    Key Aspect: Sarvodaya promotes selfless service to others and a sense of responsibility toward the community.

    Significance: By cultivating a spirit of selflessness, individuals contribute to the common good, fostering a sense of shared responsibility and cooperation.

  1. Decentralization:

    Key Aspect: Sarvodaya supports decentralized decisionmaking and governance at the local level.

    Significance: Empowering local communities to manage their own affairs enhances participation, responsiveness, and accountability in governance.

  1. NonViolence:

    Key Aspect: Sarvodaya aligns with the principles of nonviolence, emphasizing peaceful means in conflict resolution.

    Significance: This dimension reflects a commitment to resolving disputes without resorting to aggression, contributing to a harmonious and nonhostile society.

  1. Integral Development:

    Key Aspect: Sarvodaya advocates for holistic development, addressing economic, social, and spiritual aspects.

    Significance: This dimension emphasizes a balanced and sustainable approach to development that goes beyond material progress to include overall human wellbeing.

  1. Simple Living:

    Key Aspect: Sarvodaya promotes a simple and nonmaterialistic lifestyle.

    Significance: By embracing simplicity, individuals reduce their ecological footprint and contribute to environmental sustainability, aligning with principles of selfsufficiency.

  1. NonExploitative Economics:

    Key Aspect: Sarvodaya calls for an economic system that is fair, nonexploitative, and ensures the equitable distribution of resources.

    Significance: This dimension challenges structures that perpetuate economic inequalities and exploitation, striving for an economy that serves the welfare of all.

  1. Spiritual Growth:

    Key Aspect: Sarvodaya recognizes the importance of spiritual development alongside material progress.

    Significance: By integrating spiritual values, individuals cultivate a sense of purpose, inner peace, and ethical behavior, contributing to the overall wellbeing of society.

  1. Global Harmony:

     Key Aspect: Sarvodaya extends its principles to promote global harmony and cooperation.

     Significance: This dimension envisions a world where nations collaborate for mutual benefit, fostering peace and understanding on a global scale.

Sarvodaya’s different dimensions collectively form a holistic framework for societal transformation. While rooted in Gandhian philosophy, it has evolved to address contemporary challenges, making it relevant for those seeking a comprehensive and sustainable approach to social, economic, and spiritual development.

4.Discuss Gandhi’s concept of Swadeshi.

Gandhi’s concept of Swadeshi was a central component of his philosophy and a key strategy in India’s struggle for independence. Swadeshi, derived from the Sanskrit words ‘Swa’ (self) and ‘Desh’ (country), encapsulates the idea of selfreliance and promoting local industries and products. Gandhi envisioned Swadeshi as a powerful tool for economic empowerment, social transformation, and resistance against British colonial rule. Several dimensions characterize Gandhi’s concept of Swadeshi:

  1. Economic SelfReliance:

    Key Aspect: Swadeshi encourages economic selfreliance by promoting local industries and goods.

    Significance: Gandhi believed that by relying on locally produced goods, India could free itself from economic dependence on British products, fostering economic independence.

  1. Boycott of Foreign Goods:

    Key Aspect: Gandhi advocated for the boycott of foreignmade goods, particularly British goods, as a form of nonviolent resistance.

    Significance: The boycott aimed to weaken the economic power of the British Empire in India, promoting selfsufficiency and demonstrating the collective strength of the Indian people.

  1. Promotion of Cottage Industries:

    Key Aspect: Swadeshi emphasizes the development and promotion of cottage industries, including handloom and handicrafts.

    Significance: Gandhi believed that empowering rural artisans and weavers would contribute to economic upliftment, providing employment opportunities and preserving traditional skills.

  1. Cultural Identity:

    Key Aspect: Swadeshi extends beyond economic aspects to preserve and promote India’s cultural identity.

    Significance: Gandhi saw Swadeshi as a means to revive traditional Indian arts, crafts, and practices, fostering a sense of pride and identity among the people.

  1. Sustainable Living:

    Key Aspect: Swadeshi aligns with principles of sustainability and environmental conservation.

    Significance: Gandhi emphasized the importance of simple living and sustainable practices, encouraging communities to be mindful of their ecological impact.

  1. Political Resistance:

    Key Aspect: Swadeshi was a form of political resistance against British rule.

    Significance: The boycott of foreign goods and the emphasis on local products were symbolic acts of defiance, challenging the economic foundations of colonialism and reinforcing the idea of selfrule.

  1. Educational Aspect:

    Key Aspect: Gandhi believed in educating people about the economic and political implications of Swadeshi.

    Significance: Through educational efforts, he aimed to create awareness and mobilize support for the Swadeshi movement, making it a mass movement with a cultural and economic underpinning.

  1. Villagecentric Approach:

    Key Aspect: Swadeshi is closely linked to Gandhi’s vision of Gram Swaraj or village selfgovernance.

    Significance: By promoting local industries and selfsufficiency at the village level, Swadeshi was integral to Gandhi’s broader vision of decentralized governance and rural empowerment.

 

Gandhi believed that Swadeshi was not just an economic strategy but a way of life that aligned with his principles of nonviolence, truth, and decentralized governance. It sought to address economic inequality, preserve cultural heritage, and empower ordinary citizens in their daily lives. Swadeshi remains a powerful concept, inspiring movements for selfreliance and sustainable development beyond India’s struggle for independence.

 

 

ASSIGNMENT-II

GROUP-A

  1. What is the meaning of the term “Ahimsa”? Ans:Nonviolence.
  2. When Rio Earth summit was took place?Ans: 1992
  3. Who wrote ‘Hind Swaraj’?Ans: Mahatma Gandhi
  4. Bardoli Satyagraha was led by whom. Ans: Vallabhbhai Patel.
  5. The Salt Satyagraha was organized in which year? Ans: 1930
  6. Who said “Swaraj is my birth right”?Ans: Bal Gangadhar Tilak.
  7. Where from Gandhi had borrowed the word ‘Swaraj’?Ans: Upanishads
  8. Gandhi was an ________. Ans: Indian Nationalist, Freedom Fighter
  9. From whom Gandhi borrowed a term called “Passive Resistance”? Ans:Henry David Thoreau
  10. When was the Gandhi-Irwin Pact signed? Ans: 1931

GROUP-B

1.What is Hijarat? 

Ans:Hijrat refers to the migration of Prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina in 622 CE, marking the beginning of the Islamic calendar. It was a significant event in Islamic history.

2.What do mean by Swadeshi? 

Ans: Swadeshi refers to the promotion of indigenous products and industries to achieve economic self-reliance and reduce dependence on foreign goods. It was a key concept during India’s independence movement, emphasizing the use of locally made products.

3.What is the meaning of trusteeship? 

Ans: Trusteeship, as advocated by Mahatma Gandhi, is a socio-economic concept where wealthy individuals hold and use their wealth not as personal property but as trustees for the benefit of society, managing it for the greater good. Gandhi believed in using resources responsibly and serving the welfare of the community through a trustee approach to wealth.

4.What is decentralization? 

Ans: Decentralization is the distribution of administrative or governing powers to multiple local or regional authorities, rather than being concentrated in a central authority. It aims to promote local decision-making and autonomy in governance.

5. What is social harmony? 

Ans: Social harmony refers to a state of peaceful coexistence and cooperation among individuals and communities within a society, where there is a lack of conflict and a positive social atmosphere prevails. It involves mutual respect, understanding, and collaboration among diverse groups.

6.What is Global Peace? 

Ans: Global peace refers to a state of tranquility, cooperation, and absence of conflict on an international scale. It involves fostering understanding, diplomacy, and collaboration among nations to prevent war and promote overall well-being.

7.What is the importance of peace? 

Ans: Peace is crucial for fostering stability, cooperation, and progress in societies. It allows for the development of positive relationships, the pursuit of common goals, and the well-being of individuals and communities. Additionally, peace is essential for preventing conflicts that can lead to suffering, destruction, and hinder societal advancement.

8.What is Hartal? 

Ans:Hartal refers to a general strike or shutdown, typically a form of protest where businesses, offices, and public services cease operations as a means of expressing dissent or drawing attention to a particular issue.

9.What is Non-cooperation? 

Ans: Non-cooperation is a strategy of protest or resistance where individuals or groups refuse to cooperate with authorities, institutions, or systems they oppose. It involves the intentional withdrawal of support, participation, or obedience as a means of expressing discontent or advocating for change.

10.What is Strike?

Ans: A strike is a collective work stoppage initiated by a group of workers as a form of protest or bargaining tactic. During a strike, employees withhold their labor to demand better working conditions, higher wages, or other concessions from their employers.

GROUP-C

1.Discuss the relevance of the idea of Trusteeship in contemporary society. 

Ans: The concept of trusteeship remains relevant today by encouraging responsible use of wealth for societal well-being. In contemporary society, it suggests that individuals and businesses should consider the broader community impact of their resources. Emphasizing ethical and equitable practices, trusteeship can address modern challenges such as income inequality and environmental sustainability, fostering a more inclusive and sustainable global community.

2.Why areAhimsa and Satyagraha considered two sides of one coin? 

Ans: Ahimsa, or nonviolence, and Satyagraha, or truth-force, are considered two sides of one coin because they are interconnected principles in Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy. Ahimsa guides one to avoid physical or mental harm, while Satyagraha involves using nonviolent means to pursue truth and justice. Together, they form a cohesive approach to social and political change, emphasizing the power of truth and nonviolence as essential components for transformative and sustainable progress.

3.Mention three methods for the application of Satyagraha. 

Ans: Satyagraha, Gandhi’s philosophy of nonviolent resistance, employs methods such as non-cooperation, civil disobedience, and constructive program. Non-cooperation involves refusing to cooperate with unjust laws or authorities. Civil disobedience includes peaceful violation of laws to highlight their injustice. The constructive program focuses on building alternative systems based on truth and justice, addressing societal issues through positive actions rather than mere opposition.

4.How did Gandhi apply Ahimsa in Satyagraha? 

Ans: Gandhi applied Ahimsa (nonviolence) in Satyagraha by rejecting the use of physical force in resisting injustice. In Satyagraha, individuals confront oppression with love and nonviolent resistance, refusing to harm opponents but standing firm for truth. This approach aims to transform the adversary, seeking a resolution without animosity. Ahimsa, as an integral part of Satyagraha, embodies the belief that love and compassion are more powerful tools for social change than violence.

5.What are the goals of Satyagraha? 

Ans: The goals of Satyagraha include seeking truth, resisting injustice through nonviolent means, and fostering positive social change. Satyagraha aims to confront and transform oppressive systems or policies, advocating for justice, equality, and human rights. The ultimate goal is to establish a just and compassionate society where truth prevails, achieved through nonviolent resistance, civil disobedience, and the pursuit of a constructive program for societal improvement.

6.Discuss the Relevance of Gandhiji’s Swadeshi in Contemporary World? 

Ans: Gandhiji’s concept of Swadeshi, emphasizing the promotion of local industries and self-reliance, remains relevant in the contemporary world. In the face of globalization, Swadeshi encourages sustainable development, preserves cultural identity, and addresses environmental concerns. Supporting local businesses fosters economic resilience and reduces dependence on global markets. Gandhian Swadeshi principles resonate today as a means to achieve balanced and inclusive growth, promoting community well-being and environmental sustainability in a rapidly changing global landscape.

7.Discuss the Gandhian technique of social harmony? 

Ans: Gandhi’s technique of social harmony involves promoting unity, understanding, and cooperation among diverse communities. It encourages dialogue, respect for differences, and the recognition of shared humanity. Through nonviolent means and empathetic communication, Gandhi aimed to bridge divides and foster a cohesive society. His emphasis on removing social inequalities, promoting tolerance, and embracing the idea that all individuals are equal contributes to the enduring relevance of his technique of social harmony in creating inclusive and peaceful communities.

8.Explain Gandhi’s view on untouchables in our society. 

Ans: Gandhi advocated for the upliftment of untouchables, now referred to as Dalits, in society. He believed in their equal rights and worked towards eradicating untouchability. Gandhi coined the term “Harijan” for them, emphasizing their status as “children of God.” He campaigned against the social stigma associated with untouchability and urged for their inclusion in all aspects of life. While his approach evolved over time, Gandhi’s overarching goal was to ensure dignity, equality, and justice for untouchables within the broader society.

9.What is the Gandhian Theory of Global Peace? 

Ans: Gandhi’s theory of global peace centers on nonviolence, cooperation, and understanding among nations. He believed in resolving conflicts through dialogue and mutual respect rather than military force. The principles of truth, nonviolence, and trusteeship formed the foundation of his vision for global harmony. Gandhi emphasized addressing root causes of disputes, fostering empathy, and promoting justice to establish lasting peace worldwide. His approach underscores the interconnectedness of humanity and the need for collective efforts in building a peaceful and just world.

10.Discuss the Gandhi’sApproach to Global Peace

Ans: Gandhi’s approach to global peace revolved around the principles of nonviolence, truth, and understanding. He advocated for resolving conflicts through dialogue, empathy, and mutual respect among nations. Rejecting the use of force, he believed in addressing underlying issues and promoting justice for lasting peace. Gandhi’s vision emphasized the interconnectedness of humanity and the importance of collective efforts to create a world free from violence and injustice, where nations cooperate for the common good through the principles of truth and nonviolence.

GROUP-D

1.Briefly describe Gandhi’s idea of Trusteeship.

Ans: 

Gandhi’s idea of Trusteeship revolves around the responsible and ethical use of wealth. He proposed that wealthy individuals should consider themselves as trustees of their wealth, holding it for the benefit of society rather than as personal property. In his view, this approach helps bridge the gap between the rich and the poor and prevents the concentration of wealth in the hands of a few.

According to Gandhi, a trustee should use wealth in a way that benefits the community and contributes to social welfare. While recognizing the right to individual property, Gandhi urged the wealthy to voluntarily limit their possessions and use excess wealth for the common good. Trusteeship is grounded in the principles of non-violence and cooperation, aiming to create a more equitable and just society where the affluent shoulder a moral responsibility for the welfare of all.

In essence, Trusteeship is a moral and economic philosophy that envisions a harmonious balance between individual prosperity and the collective well-being of society, promoting a sense of shared responsibility and compassion.

2.Explain Gandhi’s views of Empowerment of Women.

Ans: 

Gandhi held progressive views on the empowerment of women, advocating for their equal rights and recognition in all aspects of life. His vision for women’s empowerment was rooted in the principles of nonviolence, truth, and justice.

Gandhi emphasized the importance of education for women, believing that an educated woman could contribute significantly to society. He encouraged women to participate in public life, breaking traditional gender roles. Gandhi believed that women, like men, should be active participants in social, political, and economic spheres.

Additionally, Gandhi was a proponent of economic self-sufficiency for women. He supported cottage industries and spinning as a means for women to achieve economic independence. The spinning wheel, or charkha, became a symbol of economic empowerment under his leadership.

Furthermore, Gandhi was an advocate for the eradication of social evils like child marriage and the caste system, recognizing them as impediments to women’s progress. He worked towards creating an inclusive society where women could exercise their rights freely. Gandhi’s views on women’s empowerment were ahead of his time, and they continue to inspire movements for gender equality globally. His emphasis on education, economic self-sufficiency, and the dismantling of societal barriers laid the foundation for future efforts to empower women and achieve gender justice.

3.Discuss Gandhi’s view on environment.

Ans: Gandhi’s views on the environment were deeply rooted in his philosophy of simple living, sustainability, and respect for nature. He advocated for an ecological balance that harmonized human activities with the well-being of the planet.

Gandhi believed in the principle of “simple living, high thinking,” encouraging individuals to live in harmony with nature and avoid excessive consumption. He emphasized the need to use resources responsibly and not exploit them beyond their regenerative capacity.

The spinning wheel, or charkha, was not only a symbol of economic self-sufficiency but also represented Gandhi’s commitment to sustainability. By promoting hand-spun and handwoven cloth, he aimed to reduce dependence on machine-made goods, which often led to environmental degradation.

In his concept of Trusteeship, Gandhi proposed that individuals should consider themselves as trustees of the Earth’s resources rather than their owners. He believed that people should use natural resources judiciously, ensuring that future generations could also benefit from them.

Gandhi’s environmental views were holistic, intertwining with his principles of nonviolence (ahimsa) and truth (satyagraha). He argued that harming the environment is a form of violence and that individuals have a moral duty to protect nature.

While Gandhi’s environmental philosophy predates contemporary environmental movements, his insights resonate with present-day concerns about climate change, sustainable development, and the need for responsible stewardship of the Earth. His teachings encourage a mindful and respectful approach to the environment, promoting a sustainable and balanced coexistence between humanity and nature.

4.Analyze the various dimensions of Gandhi’s vision of World Peace.

Ans: 

Gandhi’s vision of world peace encompassed multiple dimensions, reflecting his holistic and deeply principled approach to creating a harmonious global society. The key dimensions of Gandhi’s vision of world peace include:

 

  1. Nonviolence (Ahimsa): Central to Gandhi’s philosophy was the principle of nonviolence. He believed that true peace could only be achieved through nonviolent means, rejecting the use of force in all aspects of life. Ahimsa, for Gandhi, extended beyond mere physical nonviolence to encompass thoughts, words, and actions.

 

  1. Truth (Satyagraha): Gandhi’s concept of Satyagraha, or truth-force, emphasized the pursuit of truth and justice through nonviolent resistance. He believed that individuals should stand firm for truth while respecting the humanity of those with opposing views. Satyagraha was a powerful tool for social and political change without resorting to aggression.

 

  1. Global Interconnectedness: Gandhi recognized the interconnectedness of humanity. He believed that actions in one part of the world could have repercussions globally. His vision of world peace involved fostering a sense of global unity and cooperation, transcending national and cultural boundaries.

 

  1. Economic Justice: Gandhi linked peace with economic justice. He advocated for equitable distribution of resources and the elimination of poverty. His concept of Trusteeship proposed that the affluent should consider their wealth as a trust for the welfare of society, contributing to economic balance and reducing disparities.

 

  1. Environmental Stewardship: Gandhi emphasized living in harmony with nature. He was mindful of the environmental impact of human actions and promoted sustainable practices, such as the use of hand-spun and handwoven cloth to reduce the environmental footprint associated with machine-made goods.

 

  1. Religious Harmony: Gandhi envisioned a world where people of different religions coexisted peacefully. He respected all religions and believed in the importance of interfaith dialogue to foster understanding and unity among diverse communities.

 

  1. Educational Empowerment: Gandhi saw education as a means to promote understanding and tolerance. He advocated for an inclusive education system that would equip individuals with the knowledge and values needed for peaceful coexistence.

 

  1. Self-Reliance: Gandhi’s vision included self-reliance at both individual and national levels. He believed that true independence and peace could only be achieved by reducing dependence on external resources and fostering self-sufficiency.

 

Gandhi’s multidimensional vision of world peace was grounded in the principles of truth, nonviolence, and justice. His teachings continue to inspire movements for peace, justice, and sustainability globally, offering a timeless and comprehensive approach to addressing the complex challenges facing the world.

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