1.SEWA stands for: Ans: Self-Employed Women’s Association.

2.Who wrote the book ‘A Vindication of the rights of woman’? Ans: Mary Wollstonecraft.

3.Who wrote the book ‘The Origin of the Family, Private property and the State’? Ans: Friedrich Engels.

4.The word’Feminism’ is derived from which of the French word? Ans: Féminisme

5.Who popularized the slogan ‘Personal is Political’? Ans: Carol Hanisch.

6.Who is the author of the book ‘The Subjection of Women’? Ans: John Stuart Mill.

7.Who was the most prominent advocate of liberal feminist ideals in the 18th century? Ans: Mary Wollstonecraft.

8.Who wrote the book ‘The Dialectic of Sex: The Case for Feminist Revolution’? Ans: Shulamith Firestone.

9. The term ‘Patriarchy’ means: Ans: Male-dominated social structure or system.

10.When was the New York Radical Women (NYRW) founded? Ans: Founded in 1967.


1.Explain Anti-arrack Movement?

Ans: The Anti-arrack Movement was a social movement in India opposing the sale and consumption of arrack, a cheap and potent alcoholic beverage. It aimed to address the negative social consequences of alcohol abuse and its impact on women and families.

2.What is Feminism?

Ans: Feminism is a movement advocating for the equal rights and opportunities of women in political, social, and economic spheres. It seeks to address and eliminate gender-based discrimination and promote gender equality.

3.Difference between Sex and gender?

Ans: Sex refers to biological differences between male and female, while gender refers to the roles, behaviors, and expectations society associates with being male or female. Sex is typically assigned at birth, while gender is a social and cultural construct.

4.What is Liberal Feminism?

Ans: Liberal feminism advocates for equal rights and opportunities for women within the existing social and legal framework. It focuses on legal reforms, equal education, and workplace opportunities to address gender inequalities.

5.Explain Patriarchy?

Ans: Patriarchy is a social system where men hold primary power and dominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege, and control of property. It often leads to the marginalization and oppression of women.

6.What is Eco feminism?

Ans: Ecofeminism is a philosophy that links the oppression of women and the degradation of the environment, emphasizing connections between gender and environmental issues. It explores how patriarchal structures contribute to both the exploitation of women and the exploitation of nature.

7.Define Joint family?

Ans: A joint family is an extended family structure where multiple generations, including parents, children, grandparents, and sometimes even more distant relatives, live together in a single household. This arrangement fosters close family ties and collective living.

8.What are Women’s Political Representation?

Ans: Women’s political representation refers to the presence and participation of women in political decision-making bodies, such as legislatures, government offices, and other leadership roles. It involves ensuring that women have a voice and influence in shaping policies and laws at all levels of governance.

9.What is Socialist Feminism?

Ans: Socialist feminism combines feminist and socialist perspectives, addressing the ways in which gender and class intersect to create and perpetuate inequality. It seeks to dismantle both capitalist and patriarchal structures, aiming for a more equitable society that addresses issues of both gender and economic justice.

10.What is Radical Feminism?

Ans: Radical feminism is a perspective that identifies patriarchy as a fundamental source of women’s oppression and seeks to challenge and dismantle societal structures that perpetuate gender-based inequalities. It often critiques not just specific laws or policies but the underlying systems contributing to women’s subjugation.





1.Who wrote the book ‘The Second Sex’? Ans: Simone de Beauvoir.

2.Who wrote the book ‘Sexual Politics’? Ans: Kate Millett.

3. Who was the first person to use the term Patriarchy? Ans: Kate Millett.

4.In which year All India Women’s Conference emerged? Ans: 1927

5.In which area of the country Chipko Movement spread? Ans: Himalayan region.

6.Who is the author of the book ‘The Politial Economy of Women’s Liberation’? Ans: Mariarosa Dalla Costa.

7.Which feminism is a synthesis of Marxism and radical feminism? Ans: Socialist feminism.

8.In which country the 19th century women’s right and suffrage movement rise it to prominence first? Ans: United States.

9.Who is the author of the book ‘Second Stage’-1981? Ans: Betty Friedan.

10.What is the Sexual Division of Labour?

Ans: The allocation of different tasks and roles to individuals based on their gender.


1.Who was Jyotiba Phule.

Ans: Jyotiba Phule was a social reformer in 19th-century India who advocated for the rights and education of lower-caste and women, challenging prevailing social inequalities. He played a key role in promoting education for all and worked against caste-based discrimination.

2.Who abolished sati system in India?

Ans: The practice of sati was abolished by Raja Ram Mohan Roy, a social reformer, in the early 19th century through his efforts and advocacy against this harmful tradition.

3.Define Indian ideal family.

Ans: The Indian ideal family is traditionally portrayed as a joint family structure where multiple generations, including parents, children, and often extended relatives, live together in a shared household. This family model emphasizes close-knit relationships, collective living, and mutual support among family members.

4.Explain capitalist patriarchy?

Ans: Capitalist patriarchy refers to the intersection of capitalist economic systems and patriarchal social structures, where both gender-based oppression and class-based exploitation coexist. In this system, power is concentrated in the hands of both a capitalist class and a male-dominated societal structure, leading to the reinforcement of gender and class inequalities.

5.What is Brahminical Patriarchy?

Ans: Brahminical patriarchy refers to a form of patriarchal social organization rooted in traditional Hindu caste structures, where the Brahmin caste holds both religious and social dominance. This system perpetuates hierarchical gender relations, reinforcing the subordination of women through religious and social norms associated with Brahminical authority.

6.What is nuclear family?

Ans: A nuclear family is a family unit consisting of parents and their children living together in a single household. This family structure typically consists of two parents and their dependent offspring, emphasizing a smaller, more self-contained family unit.

7.Explain the Brahmo Samaj?

Ans: Brahmo Samaj is a reformist and monotheistic Hindu religious and social movement founded by Raja Ram Mohan Roy in 1828. It advocates for the worship of the Supreme Being and rejects idol worship and other rituals, aiming to promote rationality, social reform, and a modern interpretation of Hinduism.

8.Explain the Satyasodhak Samaj?

Ans: Satyashodhak Samaj, founded by Jyotirao Phule in 1873, was a social reform movement in Maharashtra, India. It aimed to uplift the marginalized communities, particularly the lower castes, through education, social equality, and opposition to caste-based discrimination.

9.Self-respect movement started by whom in which year?

Ans: The Self-Respect Movement was started by E. V. Ramasamy, popularly known as Periyar, in the year 1925. The movement aimed to promote self-respect and dignity among the non-Brahmin communities in Tamil Nadu and fought against social inequalities and Brahminical dominance.

10.Explain first wave feminism?

Ans: First-wave feminism refers to the early stage of the feminist movement, primarily in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It focused on women’s suffrage (the right to vote) and legal issues, advocating for basic civil rights, equality, and addressing discriminatory laws and practices.



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