a) Where was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi born? Ans: Porbandar.
b) In which year was Gandhi married to Kasturba Makhanji? Ans: 1883
c) What is the full name of M.K. Gandhi’s autobiography? Ans: “The Story of My Experiments with Truth.”
d) In which country did Gandhi study law? Ans: 1888
e) What event marked the beginning of Gandhi’s activism in South Africa? Ans: Passive Resistance.
f) What is the meaning of the title “Mahatma” given to Gandhi? Ans: Great Soul.
g) Name one significant campaign led by Gandhi during India’s struggle for independence. Ans: Salt March.
h) In which year did Mahatma Gandhi lead the Salt March? Ans: 1930
i) What philosophy or principle is associated with Gandhi’s approach to nonviolent resistance? Ans: Ahimsa.
j) Where and in what year did Mahatma Gandhi pass away? Ans: 1948


a) What is the title of M.K. Gandhi’s autobiography, and when was it first published?

Ans: The title is “The Story of My Experiments with Truth,” and it was first published in 1927.
b) In which language did Gandhi originally write his autobiography?

Ans: Gandhi originally wrote his autobiography in Gujarati.
c) What motivated Gandhi to write his autobiography?

Ans: Gandhi wrote his autobiography to share the story of his spiritual and political journey, aiming to inspire others and provide insight into his beliefs and principles.
d) Briefly describe Gandhi’s early life and experiences as mentioned in his autobiography.

Ans: Gandhi’s early life in Porbandar was marked by a traditional upbringing. His experiences included a modest childhood, an arranged marriage at 13, legal studies in London, and exposure to diverse cultures, shaping his views on justice and equality.
e) How does Gandhi reflect on his education and childhood influences in the autobiography?

Ans: Gandhi expresses gratitude for his simple education and values instilled by his parents. He reflects on the positive impact of his mother’s religious beliefs and the influence of Western ideas during his education in England, which later shaped his philosophy of life.
f) Explain the significance of the term “Satyagraha” and its role in Gandhi’s life as discussed in the autobiography.

Ans: “Satyagraha” means the pursuit of truth through nonviolent resistance. In Gandhi’s life, it became a cornerstone of his philosophy, guiding his activism and the Indian independence movement, emphasizing the power of truth and nonviolence in bringing about social and political change.
g) What major events in South Africa does Gandhi cover in his autobiography?

Ans: In his autobiography, Gandhi covers his experiences in South Africa, including the discrimination he faced, the inception of his philosophy of nonviolent resistance, and his involvement in various campaigns, such as the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Passive Resistance Campaign against the Asiatic Registration Act.
h) Describe Gandhi’s experiences and challenges during the Champaran and Kheda Satyagrahas in India, as outlined in the autobiography.

Ans: In the Champaran Satyagraha, Gandhi addressed the plight of indigo farmers, demanding relief from oppressive British policies. During the Kheda Satyagraha, he led a protest against the unfair taxation of peasants, emphasizing nonviolent resistance to achieve social justice and economic relief for the oppressed.
i) How does Gandhi discuss his experiments with diet and vegetarianism in the autobiography?

Ans: In his autobiography, Gandhi discusses his experiments with diet and vegetarianism as part of his spiritual and ethical journey. He explores the impact of food choices on one’s physical, mental, and moral well-being, ultimately advocating for a simple and vegetarian lifestyle.
j) Explain the concept of “ahimsa” (non-violence) as highlighted by Gandhi in his autobiography.

Ans: Gandhi’s concept of “ahimsa” in his autobiography emphasizes non-violence in thought, word, and deed. It is a principle rooted in compassion and the belief that love and understanding can transform conflicts, underlining the core of his philosophy of nonviolent resistance.





a) Who is the author of the essay “Nationalism in India”? Ans: Rabindranath Tagore.
b) In which year was “Nationalism in India” written by Rabindranath Tagore? Ans: 1917
c) According to Tagore, what dangers does aggressive nationalism pose to humanity? Ans: Dehumanization,Conflict.
d) What metaphor does Tagore use to describe the misguided pursuit of aggressive nationalism? Ans: Deadly Poison.
e) How does Tagore define true patriotism in the context of nationalism? Ans: Universal Sympathy.
f) What idea did Tagore discuss in relation to the nation? Ans: Nation Not Idol.
g) How does Tagore criticize narrow nationalism? Ans: Intellectual Narrowness.
h) What does Tagore criticize in nationalist sentiments regarding history? Ans: False Pride.
i) What does Tagore propose as an alternative to narrow nationalism? Ans: Spiritual Commonality.
j) According to Tagore, what is the danger of confining nationalism to political freedom alone? Ans: Emptiness Without Morality.


a) What is Tagore’s view on the relationship between nationalism and the nation-state?

Ans: Tagore criticizes the rigid connection between nationalism and the nation-state, arguing that the latter leads to a narrow and selfish outlook. He advocates for a more flexible and spiritually grounded concept of nationalism that transcends political boundaries and embraces universal humanity.
b) How does Tagore view the celebration of brute force in the name of nationalism?

Ans: Tagore condemns the celebration of brute force in the name of nationalism, considering it a degradation of human values. He warns against the dangers of aggressive nationalism, emphasizing the need for a more compassionate and inclusive approach to foster genuine human progress.
c) What does Tagore suggest about the relationship between nationalism and cultural diversity?

Ans: Tagore encourages the acknowledgment of cultural diversity within the framework of nationalism, emphasizing the importance of embracing various cultural expressions. He argues that true nationalism should celebrate this diversity rather than seeking to homogenize or suppress cultural differences.
d) What does Tagore mean by the “cult of the Nation” in the essay?

Ans: Tagore uses the term “cult of the Nation” to criticize the deification and blind worship of the nation, cautioning against turning it into an idol divorced from ethical considerations. He argues for a more nuanced and morally grounded approach to nationalism that goes beyond mere political fervor.
e) According to Tagore, what is the connection between nationalism and the exploitation of the masses?

Ans: Tagore suggests that aggressive nationalism often leads to the exploitation of the masses, as it prioritizes power and domination at the expense of social justice and human welfare. He highlights the need for a more humane and equitable form of nationalism that uplifts all members of society.
f) In Tagore’s view, how does nationalism relate to the individual’s identity?

Ans: Tagore believes that individual identity should not be overshadowed or subsumed by nationalism; he advocates for a harmonious coexistence where individuals maintain their distinct identities while contributing to the collective good of the nation.
g) How does Tagore view the emphasis on territorial nationalism and boundaries?

Ans: Tagore criticizes the emphasis on territorial nationalism and boundaries, arguing that it fosters division and conflict. He advocates for a more inclusive and boundary-less nationalism that transcends geographical limitations, promoting a sense of unity based on shared human values.
h) What term does Tagore use to describe the narrow and exclusive nature of nationalism?

Ans: Tagore describes the narrow and exclusive nature of nationalism as “exclusivism.”
i) What plea does Tagore make regarding the need for a broader, universal outlook in the face of nationalism?

Ans: Tagore makes a plea for a broader, universal outlook that transcends narrow nationalism, emphasizing the interconnectedness of humanity and the importance of cultivating a global perspective for the greater well-being of all.
j) According to Tagore, what is the danger of confining nationalism to political freedom alone?

Ans: Tagore warns that confining nationalism to political freedom alone poses the danger of creating an empty and morally bankrupt state, devoid of higher ideals and ethical values.



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